Every vehicle has its exhaust system. Depending on the general system design, the exhaust gas can flow through either an exhaust muffler, manifold, or another different exhaust pipe.
An exhaust system is a system that draws off all the combusted gases and waste created by the engine and expels everything through the tailpipe.
Parts of exhaust
- Cylinder Head/ Exhaust Manifold: The cylinder head or the head is located in the upper part of the cylinder and on top of the internal combustion engine. The chamber of combustion formed when the upper part of the cylinder closes. In most engines, the cylinder top provides passageways that supply the cylinder with both fuel and air. At the same time, the exhaust manifold collects the exhaust gases from multiple cylinders into one pipe. And the exhaust gases leave the head of the cylinder, which is the primary point of contact. It’s also a common improvement, with heavy cast manifolds being replaced with tubular headers. Upgrading to an exhaust header usually raises the exhaust piping diameter and increases exhaust scavenging by desirably aligning the exhaust pulses.
- Turbocharger: Also known as turbo, it is a turbine-driven, forced induction system that increases the power output of an internal combustion engine by driving additional compressed air into the combustion chamber. This increase in power output over a naturally aspirated engine is due to the compressor’s ability to move more air and proportionately more fuel into the combustion chamber than ambient pressure.
- Catalytic converter: This is a reduction device that reduces pollutants and toxic gases in exhaust gases from the internal combustion engine to less harmful pollutants by catalysing a redox reaction or simply converts the incoming NOx, CO, and unburned hydrocarbons from the exhaust into even less toxic N2, O2, CO2, and H2O. Catalytic converters are generally used with internal combustion engines powered by gasoline or diesel, including lean combustion engines and even on kerosene heaters and stoves.
- Mufflers: Many internal combustion engines have mounted an exhaust muffler in their systems. The muffler is designed as an acoustic instrument to reduce the loudness of the engine’s sound intensity by environmental quieting. A series of corridors and cylinders lined with roving glass fibre and resonating cylinders sonically tuned to create disruptive interruption, where opposing sounds balance the other out, reducing the noise of the engine’s burning-hot exhaust gas escaping at great speed.
Why do you have to consider upgrading your exhaust system?
Exhaust gas extraction makes an exhaust system more efficient because when your exhaust gas is driven out of the engine, you have a high-pressure area leading the exhaust pulse, followed by a low-pressure zone. This low-pressure zone helps extract the next exhaust pulse, which means that the piston has less work to do when it forces the exhaust gas. In short, the objective is to have the fastest exhaust speed with the least amount of restriction.
Aside from the fact that it can improve your vehicle’s fuel economy, it provides more excellent sound and can last longer than what most car companies initially installed in your car.
The exhaust system plays a vital role in one’s vehicle as its function is to take responsibility for the toxic emissions your engine generates. So, it is your responsibility to make sure your exhaust system is working well.
Author bio: Helen Harry is a freelance writer and extremely fond of anything related to Digital Marketing and Business. She is writing Technologies as well as fiction, like good music, loves her cat and eats too much. More than anything, She loves to share the knowledge of Technology.