It is quite tough to outdo the exquisiteness and history of turquoise. Steeped with history and mystery, it is truly a captivating stone. The history of Turquoise goes back in time to more than 6000 years. Archaeological and legendary indications go beyond the Christian period by five millennia.
The captivating Turquoise gemstone has been discovered in tombs of ancient Egypt; particularly the four bracelets of Queen Zar that were discovered on her mummified arm, with the captivating Turquoise. These gemstones go back in time to the second ruler of the Egypt’s First Dynasty, somewhere in 5500 B.C. Both, Aristotle and Pliny mention the turquoise. Marco Polo went on to write about the turquoise as well. Turquoise has at all times been regarded as the stone of life.
In addition, it has a very old history of more than 1000 years with Native Americans who have made wide use of turquoise for safety and therapeutic measures. Turquoise was utilized within religious rituals, art, carrying out business, treaty consultations, and jewelry. The use of Turquoise as a therapeutic stone goes far back, as it was utilized for people who suffered from headaches and eye problems, and fever and insect bites as well.
Turquoise used to be crushed into a powder, which people used to dilute and drink so that their stomach disorders would get treated. In addition, Turquoise has many subtle characteristics. It is a toning stone that is thought to ease out anxiety, facilitate dealing with problems, lessen the pressure from a hectic life, and encourage friendships.
Turquoise is famous for its shielding characteristics and a lot of traditions impose carrying a turquoise stone along at all times. Turquoise is found in the North American arid regions of Arizona and New Mexico. Turquoise is also found in Persia, China, Egypt, Iran and Turkey.
A majority of turquoise coming from China is treated with wax. The paraffin treatment intensifies and stabilizes the color. However, it just has an effect on the surface. Turquoise to a certain extent can be absorbent and crumbly and generally is not appropriate for jewelry till the time it is treated.
There are several procedures in the treatment of turquoise. Stabilization is a treatment that makes use of a resinous matter. The procedure makes use of force and high temperature to fill up the minute openings in the stone with plastic resin. Once turquoise is cured, the product turns into a treated stone that is sufficiently hard to cut as well as polish. Stabilization makes it possible for authentic but lower quality turquoise to be used in jewelry. Stabilization facilitates the stone from getting damaged and puts a stop to changes in color when it gets in touch with skin oils.
The jewelry prepared with reconstituted turquoise is actually ground turquoise derived from inferior stones that is cast together with epoxy resin. This is dyed and pressed into stone like shapes. They appear good but do not have the worth of a real stone. An additional procedure also known as ‘Block’, involves a concoction of plastic resin and dyes cast in blocks. There is no genuine turquoise in this combination. It is completely artificial and marked as imitation.