The Top 5 Australian Timbers for Furniture Making

Not known to many, the Land Down Under has more to offer than its untamed frontier and megacities. Australia is also known as the home to some of the world’s best timbers for furniture making.

Timber, in particular, is an excellent choice for both furniture and construction material. Compared to other types of furniture, timber has a lot to offer in terms of appeal, sustainability, and quality.

Australia produces up to 5-million cubic meters of sawn wood annually. About 2% of its 134-million hectares of forest is used commercially that includes timber plantations. In terms of diversity, Australia is abundant with species of trees that are perfect for furniture making. Thus, Australian made furniture reputable worldwide.

If you plan to add a piece of wood furniture to your home, this guide will help you learn the best native Australian timber for furniture.

1. Blackwood

Scientifically known as Acacia Melanoxylon, Blackwood features a distinct colour palette. The colours range from brown, red, pink, dark brown, and orange. Blackwood is sprawling from the east coast to the northern region of Queensland and Tasmania.

  • Quality

Blackwood is popularly used for furniture making and architectural purposes. Its abundance makes it highly sustainable.

  • Applications

Blackwood is mainly used for cabinetry, household furniture, flooring, joinery, and boating.

2. Marri 

Scientifically known as Corymbia calophylla, Marri has a unique feature of golden to nutmeg tones.  This timber can be found along the southwest region, particularly in Karri and Jarrah forests.

  • Quality

This has a distinct and robust signature of dark gum lines.  Marri hardwood is one of the popular choices for Australian artisan furniture makers. It boasts a unique feature that easily stands out when displayed.

  • Applications

Marri is commonly used to make household furniture, floorings, sports equipment, posts, poles, & handles. This timber is also used for general construction.

3. Jarrah

Known scientifically as Eucalyptus Marginata, it is known for its deep red tone that turns dark reddish-brown when dried. This timber is native and grown in the far southwest corner of the Western Australian region.

  • Quality

Jarrah has a very smooth grain that is also a favourite for Australian artisan furniture makers. This timber is considered the most durable and most expensive timber used for Australian made furniture.


This versatile hardwood is mainly used for outdoor furniture for its durability and resistance to different elements and pests. This is also used for exterior cladding and heavy construction.

4. Red Gum

Red Gum is a hardwood timber with lustrous deep red hues likened to the colour of a wine. Scientifically known as Eucalyptus Camaldulensis, Red Gum is the top exported timber in Australia. Red Gum is found along the River Murray, Ovens, and Goulburn in Victoria.

  • Quality

This timber is one of the most sought-after hardwoods for international furniture makers for its durability and resistance to termites. Its visual appeal commands attention and does not entirely require staining because of its naturally deep hues.

  • Applications

Aside from being manufactured as furniture pieces, Red Gum is highly used in construction. It is also used to manufacture good-quality coal and firewood.

5. Victorian Ash 

Scientifically known as Eucalyptus Regnans, Victoria Ash is a hardwood timber known for its consistent straight grains with minimal gum veins. Its colour ranges from deep reddish-brown, pale straw, and pale pink. This timber is known in several names as Tasmanian Oak, Alpine Ash, and Mountain Ash.

  • Quality

Victorian ash is durable and resilient, but it is not resistant to termites.

  • Applications

Victorian Ash is also a popular choice for general construction. But it is mainly used for interior furniture pieces for flooring, framing, and decking.

Final Words

Australia has a lot more to offer than the Great Outback. The different types of timber speak for themselves. So, which of these five timbers best suits your furniture needs?

Author bio: Helen Harry is a freelance writer and extremely fond of anything related to Digital Marketing and Business. She is writing Technologies as well as fiction, like good music, loves her cat and eats too much. More than anything, She loves to share the knowledge of Technology.