Oral surgery is the treatment of dental problems using a surgical procedure. This is usually done when no other non-surgical procedure can be done to deal with the dental concern. There are cases when surgery is the only option for a treatment, while there are instances that oral surgery is done only as a last resort.
Oral surgery is necessary for the following dental problems:
Impacted Teeth A tooth is considered to be impacted when it does not grow out from under the gum line, as it should do normally. Impacted teeth tend to move sideways, pushing against neighbouring teeth and causing severe pain. An impacted tooth is prone to decay because it is very hard to clean using regular tooth brushing methods; the decay and infection will cause additional discomfort. These teeth are removed from under the gum line through a surgical extraction to provide long-lasting pain relief. A surgical incision is made on the gums to gain access to the impacted tooth, which can then be removed easily.
Missing Teeth Tooth loss problems are solved with dental implants, which are artificial tooth roots embedded into the jawbone. These implants are placed on the jawbone using a surgical procedure, and left to heal so they can integrate with the surrounding tissue. After the healing period, the gums will usually need to be opened once more to attach the teeth replacement to the implants.
Severe Tooth Decay Severely decayed teeth may need to be extracted using oral surgery, especially in cases when the decay has gone beyond the gum line. Surgery is also needed in cases when the tooth is damaged so severely that it cannot be extracted without making an incision through the gum line, so all of the severely decayed parts can be removed.
Tooth Root Infections An infection in the root of a tooth is treated with a root canal procedure. However, there are instances when the infection has worsened and spread to surrounding tissue. An apicectomy is done to remove the infected tooth root, and the other infected tissue in the surrounding area.
Bone Deterioration The jawbone deteriorates and becomes thin due to a number of reasons, such as long-term tooth loss. A bone graft is a surgical procedure that involves the addition of grafting material to the jawbone, so that its structure is improved. This surgical procedure is also done before an implant treatment, when the jawbone has deteriorated and needs to be augmented to provide ample support for the placement of the implants.