Schizotypal personality disorder is a high rate of comorbidity with other personality disorders. Schizotypal personality disorder is a chronic condition. People with schizotypal personalities often have odd patterns of speech and ramble endlessly on subjects tangent to a topic of conversation. They may dress in peculiar ways and have very strange ways of viewing the world around them Symptoms of schizotypal personality disorder include is perceptual alterations, in some cases bodily illusions, including “phantom pains” or other distortions in the sense of touch ,flat emotions or inappropriate emotional responses , lack of close friends outside of the immediate family and persistent and excessive social anxiety that doesn’t abate with time. Schizotypal personality disorder can easily be confused with schizophrenia, which is characterized by intense psychosis, a severe mental state characterized by a loss of contact with reality. While schizotypal personalities may experience brief psychotic episodes with delusions or hallucinations, they are not as pronounced, frequent or intense as in schizophrenia. In normal development, children progress through several stages of social awareness and learn to accurately interpret the cues and intentions of others. For schizotypal personalities this social cognition is impaired, leading to development of illogical beliefs, magical thinking and paranoid thoughts, such as a nagging suspicion that one is being harassed, persecuted or treated unfairly.
Causes of Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Common Causes and Risk factors of Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Family history ,such as having a parent who has schizophrenia or schizotypal personality.
Signs and Symptoms of Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Sign and Symptoms of Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Flat emotions or inappropriate emotional responses
Lack of close friends outside of the immediate family
Persistent and excessive social anxiety that doesn’t abate with time
Belief in special powers, such as telepathy.
Suspicious or paranoid ideas.
Treatment of Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Common Treatment of Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Medications. Antipsychotic medications to help alleviate associative conditions such as anxiety, depression or other mood disorders. For example, treatment for distorted thinking may be with the prescription medications risperidone (Risperdal) and olanzapine (Zyprexa).
Psychotherapy. Building a trusting rapport in therapy may help people with schizotypal personality disorder contradict the mistrust or discomfort they have with developing interpersonal relationships.
Behavioral therapy. People with schizotypal personalities often need to learn specific interpersonal skills and new behaviors, as they often have difficulty responding appropriately to social cues.
Cognitive therapy. People with schizotypal personality disorder may respond to exercises that focus on interrupting distortions in thought.
Family therapy. Treatment can be more effective when family members are involved. Seeking professional counseling as a group may help diminish angry confrontations or emotional distancing in the home. Family therapy may also offer the affected person reassurances of a support structure and a boost in morale.