Ever since the invention of the game Basketball in 1891, it has developed to become a truly international sport. It is among the few professional sports in which the women’s has grown in tandem with the men’s. Originally a sport of the American origin it has grown to tremendous heights internationally. Teams from all around the globe have emerged with some quality outstanding players, all trying to prove their worth and make their nation noticed and proud.
Basketball is played between two teams each consisting of five players, each team trying to outscore the other by throwing the ball through the opponents’ basket from above. The basic rule is to score more points than the opponents while preventing the opponent to do so. A successful throw through the opponents basket is worth two points; or three points if it is taken from beyond the three-point arc which is 6.25 meters (20 ft 6 in) from the basket in international games and 23 ft 9 in (7.24 m) in NBA games. Each team can have up to seven substitutions but can only be made when the play is stopped.
The game is played in four quarters of 10 minutes(International) or 12 minutes(NBA) and fifteen minutes are allowed for a half-time break and two minutes for the other breaks. The game sometimes progresses into overtime periods that are generally for five minutes. In the second half, the two teams exchange baskets/courts . The time allowed is the actual playing time so the clock is stopped when the play is not active which is why the games take longer than the alloted period(generally 2 hours). It is enjoyed extremely by the spectators since they get to watch more of their favorite teams playing. The players uniform includes a pair of jersey(with an unique number printed in the front and back) and shorts. The game is controlled by officials consisting of the referee, one or two umpires and the table officials and has a limited number of time-outs.
Generally the players try to maintain discipline and etiquette during play but sometimes players do get involved in heated arguments with the rivals. Though against the rules of the games, it makes the spectators go crazy with excitement and brings new spirit into the game. The ball must stay within the court; the last team to touch the ball before it travels out of bounds forfeits possession. The ball-handler cannot move both feet without dribbling, known as traveling and a player’s hand must remain on top of the ball while dribbling; failure to do so is known as carrying the ball. A violation of these rules results in loss of possession or, if committed by the defense, a reset of the shot clock. Players who are fouled either receive the ball to pass inbounds again, or receive one or more free throws.
The National basketball Association(NBA ) was formed in 1946 organizing the top professional teams and leading to greater popularity of the this game
Basketball as a global sport has come a long way and has kept on achieving greater levels for its players as well as for its spectators. The quality players have made a strong impact on its fans and have inspired quite a few millions. It is one of the coolest game and is enjoyed by all age groups.You can check our some free basketball day cards from 123greetings.com