Rosacea – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Rosacea is a skin condition that is happen due to inflammation of parts of the face. It is sometimes called ‘acne rosacea’ as it can look similar to acne. Rosacea affects an estimated 14 million Americans. Adults, especially those between 30 and 50 years of age who have lighter skin, blonde hair and blue eyes, are most likely to suffer from rosacea. However, rosacea can affect children and people of any skin type.


The cause of rosacea is unknown. There are several theories regarding the origin of overactive facial blood vessels and inflammation, including genetic, environmental, vascular, inflammatory factors. Some researchers have suggested that tiny mites living in human hair follicles may play a role by clogging up sebaceous gland openings. Most people with rosacea have sun-damaged skin which may also play a contributing role. A flare-up can be caused by changes in the weather like strong winds or a change in the humidity. Sun exposure generally aggravates rosacea.


Rosacea may begin as a tendency to flush or blush easily. In fact, when people with rosacea think about their pasts, they often remember flushing or blushing more easily than most. This tendency to flush or blush easily can occur over a long period of time and may gradually progress to a persistent redness, pimples and visible blood vessels in the center of the face that can eventually involve the cheeks, forehead, chin and nose.


The type of medicine your doctor recommends will depend on how your skin looks. Treatment generally works best at improving the pimples and bumps of rosacea. The redness of the skin is harder to treat. Medicines used to treat rosacea include antibiotics, which can be applied to the skin or taken as pills. Tetracycline antibiotics including doxycycline and minocycline reduce inflammation. They reduce the redness, papules, pustules and eye symptoms of rosacea. The antibiotics are usually prescribed for 6 to 12 weeks, the duration and dose depending on the severity of the rosacea.

lectrosurgery and laser surgery can sometimes be used to treat redness and rhinophyma. A satisfactory treatment for the skin lesions is a yellow light laser.

Symptoms include red, dry, and irritated eyes. You may feel like something is in your eye. Your eyelids may swell or feel dry and flaky. In severe cases you may feel pain or have blurred vision. You can try artificial tears for dry eyes. Ointments work well for mild cases. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotic pills.