Rett syndrome is not a degenerative disorder, but rather is a neurodevelopmental disorder. Rett syndrome affects one in every 10,000 to 15,000 live female births. It occurs in all racial and ethnic groups worldwide. Parents later reflected on how it was nearly impossible to comfort them during their episodes. As many as 75% of all girls with RS had been previously diagnosed with the Autism Spectrum Disorder. Adult women with Rett syndrome show many individual differences in the severity of their disability.All women with Rett syndrome are incapable of living independently and require constant care throughout their lives. Innovative and flexible living arrangements such as group homes are becoming the norm in many cases. There are several treatments options available treat for rett-sydrome. Occupational therapy , physiotherapy, and hydrotherapy may prolong mobility. Medication may be needed for breathing irregularities and motor difficulties, and antiepileptic drugs may be used to control seizures. Some children may require special equipment and aids such as braces to arrest scoliosis, splints to modify hand movements, and nutritional programs to help them maintain adequate weight. Special academic, social, vocational, and support services may also be required in some cases.
Causes of Retts Syndrome
Common Causes and Risk factors of Retts Syndrome
Spontaneous mutation of the X chromosome.
Signs and Symptoms of Retts Syndrome
Common Sign and Symptoms of Retts Syndrome
Language and growth retardation
Slow head growth.
Treatment of Retts Syndrome
Common Treatment of Retts Syndrome
Drugs may help control some of the symptoms associated with the disorder – such as epileptic seizures.
Orthopedic surgery may be needed for severe cases of scoliosis.
In some cases, physical therapy can help maintain walking skills, and occupational therapy may improve purposeful use of the hands.
Some children may require special equipment and aids such as braces to arrest scoliosis, splints to modify hand movements, and nutritional programs to help them maintain adequate weight.
Therapy has also included administration of levodopa (L-dopa), a precursor of dopamine, or medications that mimic the effects of dopamine (dopamine agonists).
Physical therapy may help to improve balance and the ability to walk, maintain flexibility, and strengthen muscles
Regular monitoring for scoliosis is important to ensure prompt detection and early.