How Do Plumbing Systems and Pipes Work?
When we talk about plumbing systems, people usually think about those found in our homes, those involving toilets, sinks, and faucets. However, they are much more complicated than that. Our plumbing systems are full of complex calculations and components that all contribute to two main functions: delivering clean water and carrying out wastes t the sewers.
With that being said, there are a few types of plumbing systems that every building and home needs. We’ll take a look at them in this article, along with the different types of pipes used in our plumbing. Read on to learn more.
Different Types of Plumbing Systems
Without plumbing systems, it would not be possible for houses and structures to have water. So, knowing the different types of plumbing systems can help you identify problems in your plumbing and design a plumbing system that works for your home with the help of a plumbing company. Today, we will look at the different types of plumbing systems and their functions and the different types of pipes we use. Read on to learn more.
- Potable Water Pipelines – This type of plumbing system is responsible for the water used for drinking, cooking, washing, and other daily functions. Basically, this pipeline brings water from the community’s main water source into your home or building.
For every structure, a single pipe is used to carry water into the building. From there, a series of pipes distributes the water into faucets, toilets, showers, sinks, and other plumbing fixtures. On top of this, a shut-off valve cuts the water entirely in case of repairs, leaks, and emergencies. A meter is also used to gauge the amount of water being consumed.
With the complex maze that is our plumbing system, we use a few tools for our plumbing to flow smoothly and help homes and buildings have clean and safe water to use. These are:
- Tee Section – From the name itself, this fixture is a t-shaped device that connects pipes horizontally and vertically.
- Brass Valves – These devices control the water that enters structures and homes.
- Elbows – This fixture is used for any directional changes in your pipelines.
- Stormwater Systems – All rainwater has to go somewhere, right? This is where storm drains are used. These holes on the sidewalk are the ones that take in rainwater and carry it directly to the sewage pipeline.
In older buildings, the rainwater directly goes into the sanitary drainage system or septic tanks. Newer structures, on the other hand, carry the water straight to the sewage pipelines. Stormwater systems are composed of gutters, storage tanks, drains, and pipelines.
- Sanitary or Sewer Systems – Sanitary drainage systems are the ones that take the wastewater away from buildings and homes. Human waste, food scraps, and laundry water all go to the sewage system. This plumbing system is composed of vents and pipes to operate at an atmospheric level. Sanitary systems ultimately lead to the community sewage system.
Types of Pipes Used in Plumbing
Plumbing pipes are made of different materials for different uses. Learning the different pipes to use for plumbing, gas, and sewage can be helpful if you want to remodel or build a new home. Let’s look at the most popular types of pipes being used in our plumbing below.
- PEX – Cross-linked polyethylene or PEX pipe is a strong plastic tube that carries water into your fixtures and plumbing. This flexible pipe can fit into crawl spaces and under sinks. That’s why they are beloved by professional plumbers. On top of this, you don’t have to worry about rust and corrosion when using this pipe, unlike metal tubes.
- Copper Pipes – This pipe is a staple in the plumbing industry. One of the great qualities of a copper pipe is its durability; it can last for more than 50 years. In addition, this pipe is corrosion resistant and is perfect for protecting water quality.
- PVC – One of the most popular pipes for its lightweight nature and low price is the PVC or Polyvinyl Chloride pipe. It’s easier to work with than steel, and it can also handle high water pressure like the PEX.
Call the Experts for More Information
Call your local plumbing company for more information about plumbing systems and pipes that you can use for your plumbing. They have the knowledge and expertise to take care of your plumbing problems and pick out the best materials to use in certain plumbing situations.