Munchausen Syndrome is distinct from hypochondria in that the patient is aware that he is exaggerating, while sufferers of hypochondria actually believe they have a disease. Munchausen Syndrome is currently a topic of intense interest. People with this syndrome deliberately produce or exaggerate symptoms in several ways. They might lie about or fake symptoms, hurt themselves to bring on symptoms, or alter diagnostic tests (such as contaminating a urine sample). Signs of Munchausen syndrome include is dramatic but inconsistent medical history. Presence of symptoms only when the patient is alone or not being observed and willingness or eagerness to have medical tests. The most cause of Munchausen syndrome is biological, psychological factors and personality disorders. Munchausen syndrome afflicts the patient who presents with the complaint. Munchausen syndrome by proxy involves inflicting injury on a child or other dependent person in order to simulate symptoms. Treatment of Munchausen syndrome is often difficult, and there are no standard treatments for the condition. Treatment generally includes psychotherapy and behavior counseling.
Causes of Munchausen Syndrome
Common causes and Risk factors of Munchausen Syndrome
A history of abuse or neglect as a child.
Signs and Symptoms of Munchausen Syndrome
Common Sign and Symptoms of Munchausen Syndrome
Poorly formed identity and severe problems with self-esteem.
Dramatic stories about numerous medical problems.
Treatment of Munchausen Syndrome
Common Treatment of Munchausen Syndrome
Nonconfrontational intervention may help people with Munchausen.
Treatment generally includes psychotherapy and behavior counseling. If possible, family therapy also may be suggested.
Monitor ongoing medical care usage by involving people or institutions outside the medical practice to alert the physician gatekeeper about health care issues.
Medications may be used to treat other mental disorders that are also present, such as depression or anxiety.