About 50 to 95% of all expectant mothers experience some form of morning sickness during pregnancy. This type of morning sickness is also known as NVP or nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. The symptoms of morning sickness are nausea, vomiting, tiredness and headache.
Morning sickness usually starts in the 4th-6th week, and ends in the 12th-14th week of pregnancy. Some women experience morning sickness throughout their pregnancy. The degree of symptoms varies in each individual. Contrary to what its name suggests, morning sickness does not always occur in the morning. It can happen throughout the day. Although there is no absolute cure for morning sickness, there are methods that can alleviate morning sickness symptoms.
1. Vitamin B6 has been proven to help with morning sickness.
2. Minimize stress.
3. Eat small, frequent meals every 2-3 hours. Large meals may cause heartburn or nausea.
4. Do not skip meals.
5. Avoid foods and odors that trigger nausea or vomiting.
6. Avoid greasy and spicy foods that can cause heartburn or nausea. They are slow to digest and therefore stay in the stomach longer.
7. Snack on high protein foods (nuts, beans, lean meat, eggs) to regulate your blood sugar and boost your energy levels.
8. Drink plenty of fluids (water, herbal teas, fruit juices) throughout the day but not with your meals.
9. Stay in well-ventilated areas to minimize food and cigarette odors.
10. Eat cold foods as they tend not to have strong odors.
11. Ginger is beneficial for treating all forms of nausea. It is available in capsule, candy, crystallized form and tea. To make ginger tea, add some grated ginger to hot water. Lemon juice and honey can also be added.
12. Do not go hungry as an empty stomach can make nausea worse.
13. Get enough sleep and rest. Tiredness and fatigue aggravate nausea.
14. Pregnant women who exercise regularly have a lower risk of morning sickness. Exercise is also effective in reducing stress.
15. Reduce caffeine intake.
16. Get out of bed slowly.
17. Eat dry crackers, toasts or cereal before you get out of bed in the morning. They help to absorb stomach acid and ease nausea.
18. Pregnancy cravings are healthy, so eat whatever you want.
19. Sipping peppermint tea helps to settle the stomach. Alternatively, you can chew a piece of peppermint gum or suck a mint candy.
Morning sickness is a normal part of pregnancy. By taking these simple measures, pregnant women can manage their morning sickness symptoms. Seek medical help if nausea and vomiting become severe and persistent. Your pregnancy may be affected if your body is dehydrated and lacking nutrients.