Arthritis incorporates a wide variety of both inflammatory and non-inflammatory joint disorders such as gout, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile arthritis. The term arthritis is used to indicate a wide range of joint inflammations that may result from a genetic weakness, an infection or from any other cause. Arthritis causes pain and stiffness in the joints. Usually, arthritis is considered to be an unavoidable part of ageing. Though there are no permanent cures, advancement in conventional medicinal treatment and substitute therapies initiated betterment in treating arthritis. People sometimes make the wrong perception of arthritis as general pain or uneasiness related to the body movements. It is always advisable to visit a doctor for confirmation.
The major types of arthritis are described below:
Osteoarthritis is the most prevailing kind of arthritis. It is also known as a regressive joint disorder. It relates to the pain caused from swelling which results from growing damage of joint cartilages. It is common particularly among the older adults. In this type, the balancing cartilage which supports the bone ends within joints moderately wears away. Though it can take place in any body joint, but it usually happens in the weight carrying joints like knees, spine and hips. It may also take place in the joints having past injuries.
Rheumatoid arthritis results in swelling, inflammation and pain in the joints and knuckles. It also affects the parts like shoulders, wrists, elbows, feet and knees. It may affect any age group, but is usually found in middle aged people. Women suffer more often than men in this type. Rheumatoid arthritis also causes damage to other body parts like eyes, lungs, skin etc. This kind of arthritis makes muscle weak as the tendons shift out of the actual position and causes damage to the bone ends. Though there is no permanent cure but early detection and treatment can secure disability in most of the individuals.
Juvenile arthritis is the term used for describing various inflammatory and autoimmune diseases that develop in children under the age of 16. Though the various types share more or less all the known symptoms that include joint swelling, pain, redness etc but each type has its own distinct concerns. Some specific kinds of juvenile arthritis attack the musculoskeletal system. Treatment for juvenile arthritis mainly includes a blending of medication and physical activities.
Psoriatic arthritis includes the same joint inflammations and pains which are common for all the types of arthritis. The distinction is that it is generally common among individuals having psoriasis. Any joint can be affected by this type of arthritis. Psoriatic arthritis usually causes pain in the linking tissues where ligaments connect to the bones like in the heels, foot, lower back etc.
Increasing levels of uric acid is the major problem for gout. Excess of uric acid can cause crystal formation and as a result it is accompanied with paining and swelling in the joints. If it is not treated in the early stage, these crystals turn into lumps.
The major types of arthritis are discussed above. Apart from these, the other types include polymyalgia rheumatica, ankylosing spondylitis, tendinitis and bursitis etc.