A perfect guitarist is someone who not only plays good guitar but who also takes care of the instrument just like his child. It includes cleaning and polishing the guitar regularly, changing the strings, storing it in its suitable place and moreover, most importantly, it is necessary to know how to tune a guitar properly. Tuning is essential in order to keep the guitar sounding well. Therefore, not only the established guitarist but also the beginners should get acquainted with every prospects of tuning.
Discussing about how to tune a guitar, the first point to be mentioned is the perfect meaning of tuning. Normally a guitar has six strings, each of which is of different size and posses different note value. Tuning a guitar means adjusting the pitch of each of these strings so that they play the correct note. This basically is done by tightening and loosening each of the tuning pegs (as tightening raises the pitch of the strings and loosening lowers it).
Talking about, how to tune a guitar, the next point follows is the type of tuning. Mainly the process that is followed to tune a six-string guitar is the standard tuning. The pattern of the strings is like this:
– E is the 6th string and the lowest sounding one.
– A is the 5th string.
– D is the 4th string.
– G is the 3rd string.
– B is the 2nd string.
– E’ is the 1st one and the highest sounding string.
Other than standard tuning, the guitar tuning option also includes alternate guitar tuning. The guitar can be tuned to Drop D, Open C, Open G, , Open E or Admiral, Half step down, and Full step down. But the most popular one for both Electric and Acoustic guitar is the standard tuning and a perfect answer to the question how to tune a guitar.
However, it should be noted that in a perfect tune, the 1st and the 6th strings open must produce the same note, of course at different pitches. Therefore, following the standard tuning, lets see how to tune a guitar methodically:
E String Tuning – To tune the sixth string, the tuning peg has to be slowly adjusted after playing the pitch. And it is necessary to tune up by increasing the string tension. Until and unless the sixth string is tuned to E, the other strings cannot be tuned.
A String Tuning – To tune the fifth string, the first thing to be done is to placing the index finger of the left hand just behind the 5th fret of the 6th string and slowly playing the 6th string at the 5th fret with the right hand. Next is to adjust the 5th string tuning peg gently until both the notes are same.
D string tuning – Same as the last one, the tuning of the 3rd string can be done by putting the first finger of the left hand behind the 5th fret on the A string, which is the D note. Then gently tuning the 4th string i.e. the D note to the last one is the only thing to follow.
G string Tuning – Just like the last one, the tuning of the G – string needs placing the first finger of the left hand behind the 5th fret on the D string, which is the G note. Then a gentle tuning of the G-string to that note is all to be done.
B String Tuning – The tuning needs the first finger of the left hand to be placed behind the 4th fret and the rest is same as the earlier one, i.e. to adjust to the last one.
E’ String Tuning – The tuning needs the first finger of the left hand to be placed behind the 5th fret on the B String, which is the E’note. Rest is to adjust E string to that of the last string.
Now that you have learnt how to tune a guitar, get tuning.