It seems that when dealing with difficult people, one of the most challenging types is someone who is narcissistic. Without getting all psychobabble on you and boringly academic, I would like to simplify things by generalizing. While narcissism is actually considered a mental illness, not everyone who displays narcissistic behaviours is necessarily suffering from a mental illness. Theyre just extremely challenging to deal with on a regular basis.
To get us started, I will give you the actual psychiatric definition of someone who has the Narcissistic Personality Disorder just to make sure I dont leave anything out. This comes from the standard text, the DSM-IV, which psychiatrists use to diagnose people. Heres their definition:
A pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, lack of empathy, as indicated by at least five of the following:
1. a grandiose sense of self-importance
2. is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love
3. believes that he or she is “special” and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people (or institutions)
4. requires excessive admiration
5. has a sense of entitlement, i.e., unreasonable expectations of especially favourable treatment or automatic compliance with his or her expectations
6. is interpersonally exploitative, i.e., takes advantage of others to achieve his or her own ends
7. lacks empathy and is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others
8. is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her
9. shows arrogant, haughty behaviours or attitudes
Have you ever met someone with at least some of these qualities? Chances are you were dealing with someone who was at least slightly narcissistic. I think what defines a narcissistic personality is someone who thinks they truly are, the bees knees. They think they are better than everyone else, deserve special treatment, and seem to live in their own little world. In common parlance: SELFISH. Theres usually an entitlement thing going on; where he/she acts like a king or a queen and expects people to drop everything to serve him/her.
Unfortunately, many women have the experience of being raised by parents like this and/or being in friendships and intimate relationships with such people. They come to therapy feeling crazy because they are angry with such people, yet dont think they should be because the narcissistic person has convinced them otherwise.
Ill give you an example. A client of mine, lets call her Linda, came to me because her husband had been having an affair with another woman and told her he wanted a divorce. They had two children who had just reached adulthood and no longer lived with them. Linda felt like shed been hit in the head with a sledgehammer. When she got angry with him for being unfaithful and expressed her sense of betrayal and hurt, he said that she deserved it for being such a lousy wife for all the years they had been together. Also, he called her frigid and said that since she wouldnt provide sex, he was forced to find it somewhere else. He actually saw himself as the victim, not her, and believed that she had caused him to have an affair with another woman.
Not only that, but he called her crazy for being so emotional and said he thought she needed professional help. He took absolutely zero responsibility for his behaviors, lacked empathy for the wife he had betrayed, and even blamed her for his unfaithfulness. He even said he realized that he was too good for her and was wasting his time with someone so beneath him.
When his children reacted with horror and devastation he called them wimps and thought they were being selfish for not being happy for him now that he had set himself free and found happiness.
I could go on, but you probably get the gist of it by now. This guy definitely meets at least five of the criteria for narcissist! Youve probably dealt with someone like this yourself- unfortunately, theyre everywhere. My work with Linda focused on helping her to trust her own reality; that what she was feeling was not only sane, but normal. She felt unheard, abandoned, betrayed, and blamed for things that she wasnt responsible for. In therapy, I gave her the space she needed to feel her feelings and have them validated and to differentiate between what was his stuff and what was her stuff.
Since she had no contact with him, I suggested that in order to find closure with her marriage and to move on, she could write her ex letters saying whatever she needed to say and not mail them. This is a very helpful technique for dealing with unfinished emotional business when the other person is either not available to do this with, or not safe emotionally. Boy, did she have a lot to say! She wrote and wrote until she could write no more.
I also got her to examine all of the things she had internalized that he had said about her and to find the faulty reasoning in each of them. In this way, she was able more and more to externalize all of the garbage that she had taken in from him and put it back squarely onto the shoulders of the one whom it belonged to- him.
Narcissists are some of the most frustrating and crazy-making people to deal with in the universe. My hope is that you have no clue what I have just spoken about because youve never experienced it, but I bet you do know from personal experience. Narcissism abounds in this crazy world of ours.
In order to protect yourself from people like this, use the criteria for narcissism listed at the beginning of this article to discern whether someone in your life may be narcissistic. Then do whatever you have to do in order to protect yourself from being a victim of this person and their insanity. There are a lot of good books and websites out there, which will help you in this vein. I suggest doing a search on the internet or on your local librarys catalogue. Read as much as you can. Educate yourself. Then take the steps necessary to protect yourself and your children (if they are affected). It may be helpful to see a reputable psychotherapist as they will be able to give you helpful tools to learn self-care in the face of narcissistic personalities. Sometimes this means getting away from these people all together, and sometimes you can have milder but distant contact. The most important thing to remember in dealing with these people is that it is them who has the problem, not you.