Learning disabilities are problems that affect the brain’s ability to receive, process, analyze, or store information. The most common and best-known verbal learning disability is dyslexia, which causes people to have trouble recognizing or processing letters and the sounds associated with them. Learning disabilities are present in at least 10 percent of the population.Although the number of children with learning disabilities is unknown, about 5% of the school-age population in the US receives special educational services for learning disabilities. There are as many learning styles as there are individuals. There are two types of the learning disabilities and they are information processing deficits this will contain the input, integration, storage, and output and specific learning disabilities this will contains the reading disability, disorders of speaking and listening, writing disability and nonverbal learning disability. Memory may be defective, including short- and long-term memory, memory use (eg, rehearsal), and verbal recall or retrieval.
People with learning disabilities have average or above-average intelligence, but their difficulties in managing the information their brains receive hold them back in school and at work, causing problems with self-esteem. One of the most painful aspects of having a learning disability is to have your brains inability to process information in certain ways mistaken for low intelligence. The disability usually only affects certain limited areas of a child’s development. In fact, rarely are learning disabilities severe enough to impair a person’s potential to live a happy, normal life.
Causes of Learning Disabilities
Complications during pregnancy
Symptoms of Learning Disabilities
doesn’t recognize words previously learned
difficulty in understanding
problems with physical coordination
Diagnosis for Learning Disabilities
Diagnosis includes intellectual, educational, speech and language, medical, and psychologic evaluations. The important thing is to follow up on any concerns, whether you notice something amiss at home or a teacher raises a red flag. A specialist in learning disabilities may not be as knowledgeable about other conditions that may contribute to learning difficulties. For the diagnosisof learning disabilities IQ test can be taken which will give the results for there learning disabilities. The occupational therapist will tests sensory disorders that can lead to learning problems. Specially trained educators may perform a diagnostic educational evaluation assessing the child’s academic and intellectual potential and level of academic performance.
Treatment for Learning Disabilities
The good news about learning disabilities is that while theyre permanent, theyre also treatable. Learning disabilities fall within the class of neurological issues called developmental disabilities, in that they are chronic, they limit success in one or more major life areas, and they cannot be reversed by medication. Among these sources are doctors, special education teachers, and mental health professionals who can help identify learning disabilities and recommend the right combination of medical, psychosocial, and educational treatment. You will also be provided with practical solutions to help children and adolescents with learning disabilities greatly improve their academic achievement as well as their self-esteem.