Yeast infections, also called “Candida infections,” typically are caused by the Candida albicans fungus. Vaginitis is very common and is reported by as many as 75% of women at some point in their lives. Vaginitis can be caused by a number of infections, including bacteria (such as Gardnerella and gonorrhea), protozoans (such as trichomonas), and yeast (Candida). Yeast infection is often referred to as Candidiasis. Candidiasis is not considered a transmitted disease. However, 12% to 15% of men will develop symptoms such as itching and penile rash following contact with an infected partner. Yeast infections may also occur in association with diabetes or problems that affect the immune system. The increased hormone level causes changes in the environment that make it perfect for fungal growth and nourishment. Women with immune-suppressing diseases such as diabetes and HIV infection also are at increased risk.
Yeast infections that return may be a sign of more serious diseases such as diabetes, leukemia, or aids. Yeast infections that return may be a sign of more serious diseases such as diabetes, leukemia, or AIDS. Yeast infections occur when new yeast is introduced into the area, or when there is an increase in the quantity of yeast already present in the relative to the quantity of normal bacteria yeast infections can also occur as a result of injury to the inner, such as after chemotherapy. Also, women with suppressed immune systems (for example those taking cortisone-related medications such as prednisone) develop yeast infections (yeast vaginitis) more frequently than women with normal immunity. Other conditions that may predispose women to developing yeast infections include diabetes mellitus, pregnancy, and taking oral contraceptives.
Sometimes, mixed infections with more than one microbe can require combinations of treatments. Topically applied antifungal creams include butoconazole, clotrimazole (Lotrimin), miconazole (Monistat), and terconazole. The over-the-counter topical treatments are an option for some women when yeast is the cause of the infection. Yeast infections that return may be a sign of more serious diseases such as diabetes, leukemia, or aids. Sometimes, mixed infections with more than one microbe can require combinations of treatments. Topically applied antifungal creams include butoconazole, clotrimazole (Lotrimin), miconazole (Monistat), and terconazole. Clotrimazole (Lotrimin, Mycelex), miconazole (Monistat; Micatin), terconazole (Terazol), and nystatin (Mycostatin) are other antifungal medications that are also available as tablets.
Yeast Infection Treatment Tips
1. Keep you area clean, being sure to wash the area when you shower.
2. After a shower or bath, make sure your area is completely dry before getting dressed.
3. Wear cotton underpants and pantyhose with a cotton crotch.
4. Avoid sharing towels and washcloths.
5. Wash your under garments in hot water and skip the fabric softener in the dryer.
6. Avoid clothing that is tight in the crotch.
7. Always change out of your exercise clothes or swimsuit immediately after working out or swimming.
8. Avoid using heavily scented soaps, perfumes and talcum powder.
9. Eat a diet high in vegetables, protein and grains as well as consuming yogurt that has live acidophilus bacteria; avoid processed foods, sugars and alcohol.
10. Always use a water soluble lubricating gel.