After 1471, with the conquest of territories in Northern Africa (considered as the Algarve of abroad in Africa) the title became with Afonso V of Portugal, King of Portugal and the Algarves here (in Europe) and abroad in Africa, and it stayed so till the proclamation of the Portuguese Republic in 1910. There are Algarve-based English-written publications and newspapers specifically addressed to this community, the Portugal News being the most popular. The coastline is notable for picturesque limestone caves and grottoes, particularly around Lagos, which are accessible by powerboat. The summer months see high temperatures that attract beach-goers and sun-lovers from around the world. The Algarve region is divided into 16 municipalities.
With more hours of sunshine than California and only short periods of rainfall, generally between November and March, the Algarve has the perfect weather and climate for tourism. Accommodation in the Algarve ranges from high rise resorts in places like Albufeira to traditional guesthouses, located in the small towns and villages surrounding the algarve coast. Due to the Moorish occupation of Iberia, the region was called “Al-Garb Al-Andalus”. Faro, which the Christian residents had called Santa Maria, was renamed Faraon, which means “the settlement of the Knights”. British expatriates, followed by German, Dutch and Scandinavians, are among the largest groups wishing to own a home in this Portugal’s sunny region.
In addition to the natural beauties and plenty of beaches, the Algarve has invested in the creation of a network of golf courses. Praia da Marinha, Lagoa was classified as one of the 100 most beautiful and well-preserved beaches of the world. Traditional agricultural products of the region include fig, almond, medronho, carob beans, and cork oak. In the 5th century, the Visigoths inhabited the Algarve until the beginning of the Moorish invasion in 711. When the Moors conquered Lagos in 716 it was called Zawaia.
The region’s administrative centre is the city of Faro, which has its own international airport (Faro Airport) and public university (University of the Algarve). The Romans in the 2nd century BC spread through the Iberian Peninsula, and many Roman ruins can still be seen in the region, notably in Lagos. The Algarve is the home of the Ria Formosa lagoon, a nature reserve of over 170 square kilometres and a stopping place for hundreds of different birds. The Algarve is hilly, but traversed with rich valleys. Over the past 50 years the Algarve has seen an increase in development, particularly from non-Portuguese developers.
The Carthaginians founded Portus Hanibalis which is known today as Portim�o in circa 550 BC. There are many other beautiful and famous summer places such as Albufeira, Vilamoura, Portim�o, Lagos, Arma��o de P�ra, Quarteira, Monte Gordo and Tavira. The Phoenicians had established trading ports along the coast circa 1000 BC. The Algarve is hilly, but traversed with rich valleys. Being a region of Portugal, and therefore in the European Union, any EU citizen have the right to freely buy property and reside with little formality in the Algarve.