The relocation in managing the day-to-day carrying out of business activities or the enterprise’s function to a peripheral service provider is being utilized today. The client organization and the supplier of services drafts and executes a contractual agreement that stipulates the rules and describes the terms of provision and procurement. Nowadays, outsourcing trends have become more expansive encompassing more and more industries.
Offshore outsourcing is the transfer of the enterprise’s service module to a secondary management that is located elsewhere other than the country where the goods and services are actually availed or consumed. The principle behind the practice is for minimization of production cost with the global electronic internet network as its enabling medium.
Primarily, the reason for engaging this method is due to a significant difference in salary allocation. It is expected that the cost of service in the host country is much lesser in comparison to that of the origin. General criteria for the job that may be sent overseas are jobs accomplished through telework, jobs with high information content, jobs that can be repeated and easy to set-up, and work that could be transmitted through the internet.
However, this trend has been a source of controversy. Opposing factions have raised the threat it poses to the domestic job market of the developed country since fewer opportunities will be offered. Contrary to that, job opportunities in the host country will dramatically increase.
Cannibalization is yet another trend in outsourcing. It is characterized by the reclamation of the serviceable parts of the projects by which open production and failure-related requirements are executed with the use the existing components of the project. This practice ensures the efficacy and proficiency of the supportive facility.
In this case, the work done earlier which was proven to be unsuccessful is outsourced to someone who is basically home bound. The service provider may actually be situated in the same country as the organization in need of the output.
Growth in captives and organizations that are owned and operated by a parent firm but in a different country is also a way of outsourcing. Nationals of the parent firm who have transferred due to work or those who have been living in the place as expatriates compose workforce. A big part of the wage revenue basically goes to the country of origin since foreign citizens do not supply it.
Outsourced electronic commerce is yet another common trend wherein transactions for selling or buying a good or commodity is done over electronic systems. This has also gained popularity over the recent years. Since the development of the internet a significant increase in this area has been reported. The variety of business conducted through this process includes fund transfer, internet marketing, supply chain management, electronic data interchange, online transaction exchange, and several others.
The above-mentioned outsourcing trends have given the business sector a boost. Companies making use of these systems are generally more financially stable than those who do not. The face of business has been altered through globalization and de-regulation.