Frontal lobe of the brain is the part that governs our mood and behaviour. Histologically, the frontal lobe dementias are proven to be characterized by Pick’s cells (Pick’s disease). At the present time, these diverse histological types are clinically indistinguishable. FTD can develop at almost any age in either gender. The series included 66% males and 34% females. Pick’s disease occurs in the cerebral cortex, the outer layer of the brain that controls behavioral and cognitive functions. Symptoms of Frontal Lobe (aka Frontotemporal) Dementia is Alterations in personality and mood. Impairments in social skills- inappropriate or bizarre social behavior (e.g., eating with one’s fingers in public, doing sit-ups in a public restroom, being overly familiar with strangers) Change in activity level – apathy, withdrawal, loss of interest, lack of motivation, and initiative which may appear to be depression but the patient does not experience sad feelings. Persons with this form of dementia may look like they have problems in almost all areas of mental function. There is no treatment to cure or to stop progression of the illness. Certain drugs sometimes may help with behavioural problems, but must be used under careful supervision. Treat or prevent FTD Serotonin-boosting medications may alleviate some behaviors.
Causes of Frontal Lobe Dementia
Common Causes and Risk factors of Frontal Lobe Dementia
Blockage of small blood vessels (arteries) deep within the brain.
High blood pressure (hypertension).
Family history of heart problems
Signs and Symptoms of Frontal Lobe Dementia
Sign and symptoms of Frontal Lobe Dementia
Moving with rapid, shuffling steps
Laughing or crying inappropriately
Loss of bladder or bowel control
Memory problems; forgetfulness
Treatment for Frontal Lobe Dementia
Common Treatment for Frontal Lobe Dementia
Treatment to prevent additional strokes is very important. To prevent additional strokes, medicines to control high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease and diabetes can be prescribed.
A healthy diet, exercise and avoidance of smoking and excessive alcohol also lessen the risk of further strokes.
Sometimes aspirin or other drugs are prescribed to prevent clots from forming in the small blood vessels.
In some cases, surgery carotid endarterectomy may be recommended to remove blockage in the carotid artery, the main blood vessel to the brain.
Limiting intake of alcohol.