The fracture of the fifth metatarsal (the small tree toe) are common in athletics. The fifth metatarsal bone that extends from the midfoot to the base of the little toe. The proximal end of the fifth metatarsal is easily perceived as the phone outside the part of the midfoot. This part of the bone is exposed to injury. Fractures of the proximal end of the fifth metatarsal can be classified as avulsions or the tuberosity fracture of the shaft within 1.5 cm of the tuberosity. Tubérosité avulsion fractures cause pain and tenderness at the base of the fifth metatarsal and follow forced inversion during the plantar flexion of the foot and ankle.
Local bruising, swelling and other injuries may be present. The fifth Metatarsal is divided into four segments anatomical and the different types of fractures can occur in each segment. Fractures of the base of the fifth Metatarsal are the most common fifth Metatarsal injuries, which occur as a result of a twisting of the foot injury or ankle. The rolls ankle inward, and there is a strong ligament that attaches to the base of off Metatarsal which draws a small bone fragment. Overuse can lead to stress fractures of the Metatarsus. These fractures are recruits in the army, as well as individuals and athletes are commonly known as ‘March fractures.
There are many Immediate and non immediate treatment available. To reduce swelling and pain, apply a bag of ice over a thin towel to the affected area for 20 minutes of each waking hour. Do not put the ice directly against the skin. Wrap the foot in an elastic bandage or wear a compression stocking to prevent further swelling. Keep the foot elevated to reduce the swelling. It should be even with or slightly above the hip level. Surgery may be needed, since jones fractures often do not heal through immobilization and bone stimulation. Taking an anti-inflammatory drugs, or other drugs prescribed pain.
Fifth Metatarsal Fracture Treatment and Prevention Tips
1. Wear proper fitting footwear.
2. Avoid playing or running on surfaces that are uneven.
3. Elevating your foot by placing a pillow underneath it.
4. Try to keep your foot above the level of your heart.
5. Taking an anti-inflammatory drugs, or other drugs prescribed pain.
6. Crutches may also be needed to avoid placing weight on the injured foot.
7. Reduce swelling and pain, apply a bag of ice over a thin towel to the affected area.
8. A pain-free external device is used to speed the healing of some fractures.