Some theories posit that the hypomanic episodes have meaning in the context of a person seeking to achieve goals or to avoid depression. Symptoms of cyclothymia include periods of hypomania. Depressive symptoms are also present as the hypomania fades. These symptoms. However, are not meet the criteria for a major depressive episode, in other words, are not as severe as those found in Bipolar Disorder. The hypomanic and depressive episodes of cyclothymia generally don’t prevent people with the disorder from engaging in their normal activities at work or school or in social situations. However, the unpredictable nature of cyclothymia, the sudden shift to a hypomanic or depressive period, and behaviors associated with these moods can significantly disrupt your life. The constant cycling between stable and symptomatic mood states often leads to short-lived or strained relationships, insecure self-identity, job instability, uneven performance in school, a history of ambitious but unfulfilled endeavors, or patterns of risky behaviors in sexual encounters or drug and alcohol use. Treatment for cyclothymia can include a variety of Cognitive and behavioural techniques. Additionally, Mood stabilizers , such as Lithium and anticonvulsants , are often prescribed in low doses to treat cyclothymia.
Causes of Cyclothymia
Common Causes and Risk factors of Cyclothymia
Alcohol and drugs.
Signs and Symptoms of Cyclothymia
Common Sign and Symptoms of Cyclothymia
Irritability or angry outbursts
Inflated self-esteem or grandiosity
Decreased need for sleep
Nearly constant talking
Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
Physical agitation or physical slowing down
Treatment for Cyclothymia
Common Treatment for Cyclothymia
Individuals may prefer no treatment or supportive psychotherapy alone.
Family therapy is often sought to help with the problems in relationships brought on by the disorder.
Additionally, Mood stabilizers , such as Lithium and anticonvulsants , are often prescribed in low doses to treat cyclothymia.
Medications may help some people with cyclothymia to regulate their moods and prevent periods of hypomania and depression.
Anticonvulsants, such as valproic acid (Depakene), divalproex (Depakote) and carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Tegretol) also useful for Cyclothymia.
Antipsychotics, such as risperidone (Risperdal), olanzapine (Zyprexa) and quetiapine (Seroquel also useful for Cyclothymia.