What are the common feline illnesses, and how can you prevent your cat from getting ill?
Many people are still ignorant of the fact that even their lovely pets- dogs and cats alike- also experience serious illnesses, the same way as humans.
And what is worse is that they can’t speak to tell the owners exactly what is wrong with them. This makes it much more difficult to identify, let alone treat the common illnesses in pets, especially cats.
Cats like all animals are susceptible to various illness and diseases. The risks are even greater if there are surface or open wounds on your cat.
Upper respiratory infections (URIs) are very common illnesses of feline. This disease is similar to the common cold suffered by humans. What’s more the symptoms are almost the same. It is not uncommon to see URIs infected cat, sneezing, having running nose, and fever.
However, upper respiratory infections can be much more serious than cold. It can be fatal if left untreated. It is an airborne disease and is highly contagious.
The mode of transmission? It shouldn’t be surprising- by human handling.
The only effective method to prevent these diseases is by vaccinating your cat.
Rabies is a viral infection. All cats, even those indoors should be vaccinated against this illness, because it is more common in felines than other domesticated animals.
Why this is so, has not yet been proved.
Rabies, as mentioned earlier is a virus disease and is transmitted through bite wounds from infected animals. This disease attacks the nervous system, leading to paralysis and eventually death. It is very fatal illness. If left untreated.
Of course, good old vaccination is still the tested method of preventing rabies.
It is not only humans that suffer leukemia. Cats also have their own variant of this scourge. Feline leukemia is a fatal infections virus that affects the immune system, causing several forms of cancer and other associated diseases.
Feline leukemia is transmitted through the saliva, urine and excreta of infected cats.
Although, it must be pointed out that there is not link between this disease and the human form.
Feline immuno virus (FIV) yes, cats have theirs too! It is similar to the human form (HIV), but that’s where the similarities end.
FIV is not the same and cannot be passed to human beings. It is a virus infection, and so very lethal. It goes straight for the cat’s immune system, resulting into a cocktail of illness, or opportunistic infections.
Common symptoms include respiratory problems, loss of appetite and diarrhea. For now, vaccinating your cat, and keeping it indoors remain the best way to prevent FIV.
Feline infections peritonisis, FIP, is another common illness of cats. It is viral in nature, but unlike others, it exists in two forms.
It is commonly referred to as wet, because it takes the form of fluid in the abdomen and it can also be dry.
Presently, there is no effective treatment for this disease, but there is great hope in new vaccines that are just being developed.
The best preventive measures therefore are to keep your cat indoor, get up to dry vaccines and chasing away strong animals from your cats.
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