Usually the colds are caused by rhinoviruses which are invisible droplets on the things we touch and in the air we breathe. Due to cold people suffers from the problem of breathing through the nose. Different types of rhinoviruses infiltrate the protective lining of the nose and throat. It triggers an immune system reaction which causes headache and throat sore. Usually the smokers are at great risk of the attack of cold and their symptoms will be worse and it will last longer. The condition becomes so worse that it may lead to bronchitis or even it may cause pneumonia. When the symptoms appear, initially in 2-4 days colds are most contagious at this stage and even this may continue in this stage for up to 3 weeks. It may spread from person to person contact or by breathing in virus particles which are spread through the air by sneezing or coughing.
The first symptoms of the cold are runny nose, stuffy nose, sneezing and often a tickle in the throat. Even kids also come in worse condition after the attack of cold. They also suffer from a sore throat, cough, headache, mild fever, loss of appetite, fatigue and muscle aches. Initially the nasal discharge may be watery and after some time it may change to thick yellow or green.
The problem of cold may be cure by different types of treatments. Herbal remedy suits best for the treatment of the cold.
Cold tea is the best herbal remedy for the treatment of cold. You can combine equal parts of peppermint, yarrow, elder (Sambucus nigra) and 1-2 tsp of the mixture in 1 cup hot water. Take this solution hot just before going to bed. It will induce sweat. Intake of this tea will help to reduce achiness, congestion, inflammation and body fever. It may also be taken with a pinch of mixed spice and a little honey to soothe a painful throat.
Other beneficial herbs are which may be added to the infusion:
Ginger (Zingiber officinalis) – Take a small piece of fresh root ginger into any mixture. It will provide extra heat.
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) – It can be used as a cinnamom stick and also break it into the different mixture of herbs. It will provide gentle, warming and also sweat-inducing effect.
Cayenne (Capsicum minimum) – It is an Indian remedy which is favorite for North Americans. It can be taken one-forth tsp or 1.25 ml of the powder regularly. It stimulates the circulation and thus reduces the problem of cold.