Cholesterol is a soft, waxy substance which is found among the lipids (fats) in the bloodstream and in all your body’s cells. It is a very important part of a healthy body because it is used to form cell membranes, some hormones and is needed for other functions. But a high level of cholesterol in the blood hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease, which leads to heart attack.
Most of the cholesterol in our body is made by our liver. Some cholesterol also comes from foods such as eggs, meats and dairy products. It is measured in milligrams per 100 millimeters of blood. The normal level of cholesterol varies between 150 – 200 mg per 100 ml. In blood, cholesterol occurs in combination with certain lipids (fats), hence, known as lipoptroteins.
Causes of Cholesterol
High density cholesterols (HDL) are considered good cholesterol and reduces harmful low density cholesterol from the blood and tissues and delivers it to the liver where it is processed for excretion.
Low density cholesterols (LDL) promote deposits in the arteries gradually leading to narrowing and hardening which blocks the passage of blood. This condition is termed as “atherosclerosis” which leads to high blood pressure and heart diseases.
Many factors appear to contribute to the development of high cholesterol : –
Heredity — Your genes partly influence how your body makes and handles cholesterol.
Your diet — A high intake of saturated fat, dietary cholesterol, and excess calories can cause your cholesterol levels to increase. Being overweight can increase your LDL levels and decrease your HDL levels.
Age and gender — Cholesterol levels begin to increase in both men and women beginning around 20 years of age. Premenopausal women usually have lower levels of cholesterol when compared with men of the same age. After menopause, a woman’s LDL cholesterol level typically goes up, as does her risk for heart disease.
Other medical conditions — Conditions such as diabetes, liver disease, thyroid disease, or kidney disease can cause elevated cholesterol.
Lack of physical activity — Increased physical activity lowers LDL and raises HDL levels. Lack of exercise can cause the opposite.
Home Remedies for Cholesterol
*Onion juice reduces cholesterol and works as a tonic for nervous system. It cleans blood, helps digestive system, cures insomnia and regulates the heart action & helps in lowering cholesterol.
*Grind equal amounts of watermelon seeds and khas khas and keep together. Take one teaspoonful with an empty stomach and one in the evening with water for lowering blood pressure. This can be taken 3-4 weeks according to the requirement.
*Take one teaspoonful of fenugreek seeds morning and evening with an empty stomach for 10-15 days with water.
*One or two pieces of garlic rolled in raisin also good for lower blood pressure.
*Persons with high blood cholesterol level should drink at least eight to ten glasses of water every day.
*Prepare a mixture of a glass of water & 1-2 gms of powdered cinnamon. Filter this mixture & add a spoon of honey to it. Drink this solution once a day for 15-25 days. This would control cholesterol.