Recently we have discussed steps to take to when you decide to step in and step up to conflict resolution. In You Decide to Resolve a Conflict Part I and Part II one of the underlying assumptions was that you had time to plan your actions and the steps you would take to resolve the conflict.
All of that is really great when you can plan to face a conflict in advance. But some of you might be saying to me, But conflict cant be scheduled. Yes, its true. Not all conflicts can be scheduled. Some situations happen right in front of you and youre involved and you see that you need to stay involved. What do you do?
Do you say, Okay, everybody, stop, we need to have a meeting about this later.
That isnt always going to work. Lets look at some techniques that will work.
1) If the conflict is unhealthy, you need to cool everyone down and bring discussion back to a level that is healthy. Its like when you separate two children who are getting ready to punch each other, (I sincerely hope that your conflict is not about two people who are about to have a physical fight) you send them to their corners to calm down.
2) Remind everyone that were here to work on a business issue and EVERYONE needs to act like a professional.
3) Encourage them to state where theyre having conflict or what their issue is in a calm, professional manner; without blame and without calling name calling. Let each person have a turn to state what they believe to be the issue. Remind others to remain quiet and listen while others are speaking.
4) Many issues stem from misunderstandings about roles and responsibilities. Listen to people discuss the conflict, is there a basic issue about who should be doing what and when? If so, facilitate a conversation about roles and responsibilities.
5) Consider whether or not you are the right person to help resolve the conflict. You are already involved, you want to see it resolved and youre trying; but perhaps your efforts are not working OR one of the parties isnt receptive to you.
You might be perceived as having too much bias. (Is one of the parties your best friend, then of course you have bias.)
6) If you are not the right person get a mediator. Bring in someone else who can resolve the conflict. Its not about you personally resolving the conflict. Its about the conflict being resolved in a healthy, productive manner.
7) What if you are one of the parties in the conflict? What responsibility do you have? Your responsibility is to behave like an adult professional, to let go of hard feelings, to really work on a solution that is best for the project or the customer or the company and not to insist on your way because it is your way. And you have a responsibility to do everything within your power to stop this from escalating into an unhealthy conflict. Even if the other person is calling you names and trying to make something more of it, you have a responsibility to be the stronger professional. Do not say or something that youre going to be sorry about later.
Now what? Now you are ready to dig deep and work together towards the best resolution. The approach you take is very much like the approach we discussed In You Decide to Resolve a Conflict Part I and Part II; you are just selecting the steps that fit the situation and using them right away.