After 1471, with the conquest of territories in Northern Africa (considered as the Algarve of abroad in Africa) the title became with Afonso V of Portugal, King of Portugal and the Algarves here (in Europe) and abroad in Africa, and it stayed so till the proclamation of the Portuguese Republic in 1910. The Algarve became the first part of Portugal to liberate itself from Spanish occupation, in the rebellion of Olh�o in 1808. The region’s administrative centre is the city of Faro, which has its own international airport (Faro Airport) and public university (University of the Algarve). The length of the south-facing coastline is approximately 155 kilometres. The coastline is notable for picturesque limestone caves and grottoes, particularly around Lagos, which are accessible by powerboat.
The Algarve was a semi-autonomous area with a governor from 1595 to 1808, as well as a separate taxation system until the end of the 18th century. Many years ago, to reflect the Algarve’s unique status, Portuguese monarchs were known as “King of Portugal and The Algarves”. In the 5th century, the Visigoths inhabited the Algarve until the beginning of the Moorish invasion in 711. The Algarve region is divided into 16 municipalities:
Accommodation in the Algarve ranges from high rise resorts in places like Albufeira to traditional guesthouses, located in the small towns and villages surrounding the algarve coast.
British expatriates, followed by German, Dutch and Scandinavians, are among the largest groups wishing to own a home in this Portugal’s sunny region. Faro, which the Christian residents had called Santa Maria, was renamed Faraon, which means “the settlement of the Knights”. Traditional agricultural products of the region include fig, almond, medronho, carob beans, and cork oak. It was not until the 13th century that the Portuguese finally secured the region against subsequent Moorish attempts to recapture the area. Praia da Marinha, Lagoa was classified as one of the 100 most beautiful and well preserved beaches of the world.
When the Moors conquered Lagos in 716 it was called Zawaia. There are many other beautiful and famous summer places such as Albufeira, Vilamoura, Portim�o, Lagos, Arma��o de P�ra, Quarteira, Monte Gordo and Tavira. The al-gharb, “the West” is the southernmost region of mainland Portugal, incorporating, amongst others, the cities of Faro, Albufeira, Lagos, Olh�o, Tavira, Portim�o and Silves. The Algarve is hilly, but traversed with rich valleys. Being a region of Portugal, and therefore in the European Union, any EU citizen have the right to freely buy property and reside with little formality in the Algarve.
The Carthaginians founded Portus Hanibalis which is known today as Portim�o in circa 550 BC. In the 1960s the Algarve became a very popular destination for tourists, mainly from Britain. The Phoenicians had established trading ports along the coast circa 1000 BC. The Algarve is hilly, but traversed with rich valleys. With more hours of sunshine than California and only short periods of rainfall, generally between November and March, the Algarve has the perfect weather and climate for tourism.